Extreme Winter
6:23 am
Thu January 30, 2014

Grand Traverse Bay Freezes, Lake Michigan Half Frozen

Credit NOAA

[CLARIFICATION: Mark Gill told IPR Grand Traverse Bay was iced over on Wednesday morning. Open water may be seen on the bay since as ice cover on the lake rises and falls, sometimes dramatically.]

Grand Traverse Bay is now mostly frozen along with almost half of Lake Michigan. Mark Gill at the U.S. Coast Guard says ice reaches from Traverse City to the Straits of Mackinac.

The bay used to freeze every eight or nine years out of 10 until the 1990s when it dropped off sharply. Grand Traverse Bay has not frozen completely since 2009.

Most of Lake Michigan’s main basin is open water still and from the Leelanau Peninsula to Indiana ice stretches out from the shore into the lake three to five miles.

Lakes Huron and Superior are about 70 percent covered with ice. Lake Erie is almost entirely frozen. Erie freezes quickly because it is shallow. Lake Michigan is deeper than Huron and much of the surface of Lake Michigan's main basin is at more southern latitudes. Huron’s ice cover includes Georgian Bay and the North Channel and these waters freeze early.

Here is a map from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration that estimates the ice cover as of Tuesday:

Credit NOAA

George Leshkevich is a researcher at NOAA’s Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory. He says you have to go back about 25 years to find this amount of ice in the Great Lakes this early but he says it is not unusual.

“In comparison to the last few years this is quite a bit more,” he says. “In comparison to winters in the 70s and 80s, this is not that anomalous.”

In 1979 the Great Lakes froze over almost completely in February. Here is what the ice map looked like this week in 1979:

Credit NOAA

Here is what it looked like that winter three weeks from now:

Credit NOAA